How to Restore Tooth Enamel

enamel erosion

Are you suffering from tooth sensitivity, fractured teeth, or stained teeth? You might be dealing with enamel erosion. Depending on the severity of your enamel erosion, there are a lot of ways you can restore tooth enamel.

For severe enamel erosion, restorative dental treatments are your best option for replacing lost enamel and restoring the function of your tooth. Dr. Ajmo at PGA Advanced Dentistry offers a variety of restorative treatments, like dental crowns, porcelain veneers, dental bonding, or even dental implants, which can restore your teeth from enamel erosion.

What is Tooth Enamel?

Enamel is outermost layer of the tooth structure, and the hardest component in the human body. As the hardest substance in the human body, enamel serves the important function of keeping your teeth protected, when you are biting and chewing food. It also keeps the sensitive pulp of your teeth sheltered from painful temperatures and chemicals. Even though enamel is a strong substance, that does not mean that it can withstand all the pressure human’s put it through. Enamel, like other bones in the body, is still prone to chips, cracks, and erosion.

Enamel is a translucent structure, that covers the crown, which is the area of the tooth that is visible above the gumline. The structure underneath enamel, known as dentin, is the area of the tooth that gives it its off-white color. However, due to its translucent nature, enamel is prone to staining. Coffee, tea, soda, wine, juices, and cigarettes are some common causes of enamel staining. When enamel becomes decayed, it reveals the inner-layer of the tooth, which can give your teeth a dark yellow color.

How to Strengthen Tooth Enamel

Unfortunately, once your teeth’s enamel is eroded, there are no ways to regenerate the enamel. However, there are some lifestyle choices you can make to help strengthen your enamel. For one, maintaining healthy oral hygiene can help ensure that you do not lose excess enamel from acid erosion caused by bacteria.

Other routes you can take to protect your enamel, include taking vitamin D and calcium supplements. Vitamin D and calcium naturally promote bone growth and strengthen your teeth. Lastly, you can try brushing your teeth with a fluoride toothpaste or using a fluoride rinse to strengthen your enamel. Fluoride is known to protect your teeth from demineralization caused by acid erosion from bacteria and sugar.


Main Causes of Tooth Erosion

The primary cause of enamel erosion occurs from bacteria creating acids that wear away the enamel. Enamel erosion can also result from the following factors:

  • Drinking too many soft drinks. Soft drinks are high in phosphoric and citric acid, which seep through the pores in your enamel and cause corrosion.

  • Drinking too many fruit drinks. Fruit drinks are high in citric acid, which can be as erosive as battery acids.

  • Dry mouth. Your saliva plays an important role in washing away bacteria, and keeping your teeth protected from enamel-destroying acids. Dry mouth, also known as xerostomia, can lead to tooth decay, because your mouth is not having a healthy salivary flow to rinse away acids.

  • Acid reflux. Acid reflux, also known as GERD, along with other gastrointestinal problems can lead to premature enamel erosion from acid damage.

  • Diets that are high in sugar and starches. Bacteria in your mouth feast on sugar and starches, creating an acid by-product that can eat away your enamel.

  • Friction. Routine wear and tear, friction, and stress can all lead to enamel erosion. Physical wear and tear often occur from improper flossing, biting on hard objecting, or grinding your teeth at night.


Restorative Dentistry for Tooth Enamel

Depending on the level of your enamel loss, there are a variety of cosmetic treatments we can use to restore the function of tooth enamel. In less severe cases, dental bonding can be used to cover sensitive teeth, while also improving the color of the teeth.

For significant enamel loss, we will most likely recommend porcelain veneers or porcelain crowns, for even more significant damage. Porcelain crowns restore the function and beauty of your teeth by completely encapsulating them with a tooth-like structure made from porcelain.

On the other hand, porcelain veneers only restore the front outer shell of the teeth for a more aesthetic restoration. Want to learn more on how to stop enamel decay with restorative dental treatments at PGA Advanced Dentistry? Call us today at 561-627-8666.