Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is a bacterial infection that affects the gums, bones and other structures that support your teeth. If left untreated, periodontal disease can cause you to lose your teeth. Recent medical research is now proving that this bacteria in your mouth travels through your bloodstream to other organs of your body. This bacteria has also been found to increase the risk and severity of other health-related issues such as diabetes, heart disease, respiratory disease, pre-term and low birth weight babies and osteoporosis.
Common symptoms of periodontal disease are red, puffy or bleeding gums, foul odor or taste in your mouth, loose teeth and receded gums. When your gums are healthy, they do not bleed, even in the hygiene chair at PGA Dentistry in Jupiter, FL. Bleeding gums indicate that there are bacteria and plaque and calculus can cause infection says Dr. Jay Ajmo. Periodontal disease typically does not hurt until advanced stages, but bleeding gums is the first warning sign.
The mildest form of periodontal disease is Gingivitis. This is caused by a bacteria that grows a film called dental plaque that sticks on the tooth surfaces next to the gums. This bacteria infects the gum and causes inflammation and bleeding. Approximately 3 out of 4 adults over age 35 have some form of this periodontal disease. Gingivitis can be reversed by a combination of professional and home care by a thorough cleaning at PGA Dentistry to remove plaque below the gumline at your dental office and good oral home care.
Chronic periodontitis is a more advanced form of periodontal disease and involves all tissues that support the teeth. This includes both gum and bone. About 50% of adults have this type of disease. With this form of periodontal disease, the gums pull away from the teeth and form pockets in the gums. Plaque and calculus build up in these pockets destroying the ligament and bone that support the teeth. This form of periodontitis cannot be reversed; however, it can be managed. A non-surgical periodontal therapy called scaling and root planning can be performed by your dental hygienist and maintained after every three months. With a commitment to your dental hygiene appointments every three months and good oral home care, you can improve your oral health and help prevent bone and tooth loss.
The first step in knowing your risk is getting your teeth and gums evaluated by Dr. Jay Ajmo at PGA Dentistry. Once Dr. Jay Ajmo has diagnosed any periodontal disease, we can plan a course of attack and get you back to a healthy mouth. Call us today for a complimentary consultation!